About Hatha Yoga and the Ghosh Lineage:
Yogi Matsyendranath is acknowledged as the first human hatha yoga instructor. His chief disciple, Gorakh Nath, was guru to Yogi Swatmarama, author of the Hatha yoga Pridapika.
“The main objective of Hatha yoga is to create an absolute balance of the interacting activities and processes of the physical body, mind and energy. When this balance is created, the impulses generated give a call of awakening to the central force, which is responsible for the evolution of human consciousness. If yoga is not used for this purpose, its true objective is lost.”
Bishnu Charan Ghosh was one of the first seven students enrolled at the Ranchi School for Boys founded by his elder brother, Paramahansa Yogananda. He learned the Yogoda system, including the 84 asanas codified by Yogananda, which “combines the basic laws utilized by the ancient Yogis with the discoveries of modern physiological science.”
The 84 asanas from the Yogoda system was the foundation of Ghosh’s College of Physical Education yoga program founded in 1923, while he was attending law school. He created a unique and dynamic system of Yogic Physical Culture, synthesizing yogic Indian practices with Western for the health and fitness of body and mind. Muscle development, breath control, then muscle control completed his yogic physical culture program.
Although his teachings were secular and solely for health and fitness, Bishnu and Buddha Bose were initiated into Kriya yoga together by Yogananda. Buddha established the yoga Cure Institute in Calcutta, the first of its kind. Bishnu added a community clinic to Ghosh’s College.